Fana / Jordanian women have written the highest roles of heroism in national, political and public events, through which they demonstrated that Jordanian women were present and strongly in scenes of public and political life, and that their roles were no less important than the men of Jordan.
The book “Jordanian women in public and political life within 100 years” – launched by the Jordanian Institute for Solidarity of Women in its celebration of International Women’s Day on March 8 of this year, marking the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Jordanian state 1921/2921 – sheds light on the achievements and roles of women The Jordanian pre-state and post-state establishment in various fields, as it deals with the history of the Jordanian feminist movement and its various stages, the representation of women and their presence in the executive, legislative and judicial authorities, and their participation in professional unions and parties, and in higher management in the public sector, the diplomatic corps and international forums, and in the military sector And security, and also in the chambers of commerce and industry and the private sector.
Since the establishment of the Jordanian state until today, the book has monitored the arrival of 34 ministers to the executive authority who carried multiple portfolios, 40 women held seats in the Senate, and 62 others who represented their popular bases in the House of Representatives. Despite this, the participation of women in decision-making positions is still below the desired level. Jordanian women are looking forward to.
The earliest Jordanian feminist claims for their political and social rights actually began in the mid-1950s, when the pioneering Jordanian feminist and human rights activist, lawyer Emly Bisharat – the first legal and regular lawyer in Jordan – led women’s efforts to demand the right of women to run for and be elected to Parliament and municipal councils at the time.
At the time, the Arab Women’s Union submitted the first memorandum to the Prime Minister and the Speaker of Parliament at the time, calling for amending the election law and granting women the right to run and vote for the parliament and municipal councils. However, it took Jordanian women more than twenty years from that date. The memorandum, to acknowledge her right to both vote and run for parliament, and that was in 1974, while it took 19 years for the first woman to reach parliament through competition after the recognition of this right, and that was the victory of Representative Tujan Al-Faisal in the 1993 parliamentary elections. After the parliamentary life was suspended during that period and resumed in 1989.
Later on the date of that memorandum, women in Jordan took important steps in various public and political fields with clear support from the state, as a system for women’s quota system was approved in the election law for the year 2003 with the aim of increasing the participation of women in decision-making positions, and since then the quota rate began to rise Concurrent with the amendments to the election law, the percentage of female representation in the current House of Representatives and Senate has reached 11.5% and 10.8%, respectively.
The percentage of female representation in municipal council membership reached 41%, according to the results of the last municipal elections held in 2017, when women won 1030 seats in local councils, municipal councils and the Greater Amman Municipality, in addition to 52 seats in the provincial councils, according to official figures published in the Official Gazette. And according to the mechanisms of competition, appointment and quota.
Despite the achievements of Jordanian women in various fields, Jordanian women still aspire to achieve more justice in the opportunities between women and men in public life, which has been the practice of the Jordanian National Commission for Women since its establishment in 1992, by applying to successive parliamentary councils with a list. Legislative demands include the aspirations of all Jordanians towards greater equality and justice between men and women, within an important context based on the principle that the advancement and empowerment of Jordanian women cannot be separated from the rise and development of Jordanian society as a whole.
In interviews with the Jordanian News Agency “Petra” with a number of Jordanian leaders to talk about what they are looking to achieve for women over the next decade; In order to advance Jordanian society towards spaces that accommodate all, and with fairness that preserves the dignity of both parties, men and women, the Secretary General of the Jordanian National Committee for Women Affairs, Dr. Salma Al-Nims, said: She is looking forward to the arrival of more women to decision-making positions in the executive and legislative authorities, provincial councils, and local councils. And the municipality, and the boards of directors of government institutions and companies, by working on amending legislation to be in line with national plans and strategies.
The aspirations of women did not stop at this requirement only according to the nemes, but they also looked with interest to providing opportunities for women in the labor market, increasing their economic participation rate, and more interest in dealing with the phenomenon of violence against women of all kinds at the official and community levels, in addition to changing negative societal trends and stereotypes. Stereotyping based on gender differences.
As for the Secretary General of the Higher Population Council, Dr. Abla Amawi, she affirms that achieving equality and giving Jordanian women their full right to full citizenship, whether by granting their nationality to their sons and daughters, and allocating “mandatory quota” in all institutions and all levels to represent women at a rate of no less than 30%, and to enjoy their rights. Complete within the frameworks of amended legislations that abolish discrimination in all its forms, it is the real hope that will make Jordan rise to the global level it deserves, and eliminate the gap between women and men in reaching real economic empowerment, and full political representation in decision-making positions.
In addition, the Secretary-General of the Jordanian People’s Democratic Party and former member of the Jordanian Parliament, Abla Abu Elba, believes that in order to keep pace with the great developments that have occurred in the structure of the Jordanian state, the imperatives of progress require raising the rate of women’s participation in political parties and trade union institutions, and in decision-making positions .
For the sake of broad and qualitative participation of women in parliament, the government and political parties, Abu Elba indicated the need to develop the election law and all laws governing political life. Firing electoral battles on the basis of just laws will push towards achieving equality and broad representation of women, not only numerically, but also qualitatively.
The Executive President of the Jordanian Institute for Solidarity of Women, attorney Asma Khader, said that women seek to actively contribute to building a modern, democratic, civil state that is produced in the country’s second centenary, as Jordanian women adhere to the requirements and responsibilities of citizenship, rights and duties.
Khader believes that women’s issues must be considered as urgent national and developmental priorities, and that all substantive and procedural legislation should be cleared of discriminatory texts against women, and that the needs of both women and men should be included in strategies, budgets, plans and programs on the basis of equality.
As for the Jordanian Member of Parliament Asma Al-Rawahneh, she asserts that as a parliamentarian, she aspires to increase the number of women in decision-making positions, whether in government as ministers, in parliament, in municipal or provincial councils, or in leadership administrative positions in the public and private sectors, describing them as less Corrupt and always striving to act sincerely; Therefore, this should be capitalized on by supporting their access to leadership positions.
In terms of economic aspirations, the president of the Women’s Business and Professional Club Association, Rana Al-Abwah, believes that the time has come to develop solutions that do justice to women and meet their aspirations and needs, and give them equal employment opportunities in addition to equal wages, improve the business environment, provide adequate transportation and nurseries, and provide industrial and commercial spaces Affordable prices and thoughtful websites especially for emerging, small and medium sized businesswomen companies.
In turn, the Society’s Executive Director Thana Al-Khasawneh stresses the need for the government to issue a decision recommending that the proportion of women in the boards of directors of any institution or company be equal, and that promotions be made based on competence.
Al-Khasawneh also stresses the need to make more efforts during the state’s second centenary to increase the rate of women’s participation in the labor market, to provide assistance and direct support to businesswomen and industrialists, and to provide them with all possible requirements to establish factories capable of employment and to produce exportable products through additional advantages for factories owned by Before ladies.