Under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah, President of the University of Sharjah, the activities of the fourth session of the Sharjah International Conference on the History of Science for Arabs and Muslims “Scientific Heritage and its Contemporary Effects” organized by the College of Science under the umbrella of Sharjah International Foundation for the History of Science for the Arabs and Muslims at the University of Sharjah.
The conference is being prepared in cooperation with the Universities of Cologne in Germany and King Abdulaziz in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with the participation of a group of scholars, researchers, and directors of universities, research centers, libraries and international museums. The number of participants in the conference reached more than 900 participants and participation from more than 40 Arab, Islamic and other countries. Three-day events by default through the Zoom app.
The conference’s activities include 21 scientific sessions during which more than 130 scientific and research papers are presented by scholars, specialists and postgraduate students from various countries of the world, who work in various fields of applied, engineering, medical, health, human and social sciences. His scientific papers are distinguished by diversity and focus on embodying the achievements and innovations of the early Muslim scholars. In all applied sciences, engineering, medical and health sciences, humanities and architecture.
The opening session began with a speech by His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah, President of the University of Sharjah, delivered on behalf of His Highness, Dr. Hamid Majool Al Nuaimi, President of the University, during which he welcomed the attendees, saying … In holding this session of the Conference on the History of Science for the Arabs and Muslims, which the University and the Foundation for the History of Science for Arabs and Muslims at the University worked to hold, challenging the conditions necessitated by the viral epidemic “Covid-19″One of the necessary precautionary measures and measures to prevent its dangers at all local, regional and even global levels, because the obligations required by the components of this conference – as you all know – are more important and greater than all these challenges. Its components and fields since its inception in the history of this Arab and Islamic nation and up to the present day.
His Highness, Ruler of Sharjah added, “Perhaps the great importance that necessitated us all to challenge the conditions that could prevent the holding of this conference, such as the circumstances of the viral epidemic as I mentioned and others, lies not only in the importance of these sciences and the importance of what these sciences have made in the contemporary human civilization in which we live and live by the world today, regardless of its different civilizational and modern cultures. And at all levels of civilization, which are based on the components of this civilization, and its great proportion is based on the components of this civilization. Rather, this importance lies in the fact that the great, great and most important percentage of these sciences have been employed by the peoples of these civilizations through building modern components in their scientific and technical depths on the basis of these Arab and Islamic sciences without Considering or taking into consideration the makers of the components of this civilization, its theories, and its basic scientific, intellectual and cognitive visions from the Arabs and Muslims, and even ignoring them mainly among many of these peoples. Therefore, we wanted this conference to be held to consolidate the status and value of these Arab and Islamic sciences inBuilding the civilizational and modern components that we live in today at all global levels, and affirming our right as Arabs and Muslims in these sciences and what they have been able to achieve for the whole world and in various scientific and knowledge fields.
For his part, Dr. Hamid Majoul Al-Nuaimi, the University President, said in his speech, “The conference held by the University of Sharjah today and the Sharjah International Foundation for the History of Science for Arabs and Muslims constitutes a new scientific flash of its flashes of light, and another link in the series of scientific seminars that you are leading on the path of scientific and knowledge progress and development. And through this important and contemporary cultural, technical, cultural and important event, represented by the Fourth International Conference on the History of Science for Arabs and Muslims, because it links the nation’s present and future with its glorious scientific and knowledge past. From our land and our Arab and Islamic environment. “
He added “The scientific progress that the world witnessed and is witnessing today and every day is due to a great deal of its components, to those treasures that our Arab and Muslim scholars reaped in various fields and fields of culture and knowledge, especially scientific ones, which made the University of Sharjah and the Sharjah International Foundation for the History of Science for the Arabs And Muslims take the covenant not to spare any effort for the sake of this global scientific culture that links human civilizations with a solid and indissoluble scientific bond, inspired by these deep visions of enlightened ideas and the higher aspirations adopted by the pioneer of the scientific renaissance and the pioneer of science and scientists His Highness Sheikh Dr. The Supreme Council, Ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah, President of the University of Sharjah, who knew about His Highness – as we all know – his unrivaled passion for science and scholars, and his keenness to enrich the cultural and scientific arena with everything that would develop and enlightenment, and nothing more than evidence that does not expand the place to mention even ifSome of them. “
The university director stressed the importance of this scientific demonstration, which, as he said, will contribute to clarifying the role of the first Arab and Muslim scholars in scientific progress, and place the sons of the Arab nation and Islam in front of the greatest responsibility in preserving their rich scientific heritage, and building the current and future generations intellectually on the constants and inherent values
For his part, His Excellency Dr. Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahman Al-Musallam, President of the Sharjah Heritage Institute, praised in his speech the successful selection of the title of the conference, which is “Scientific Legacy and its Contemporary Effects”, as it is a comprehensive blocking title that evokes the major scientific contributions made by Muslim scholars throughout history, because of their pivotal role. And influential in human civilization, and scientific development.
He added, “How beautiful it is for this conference to be launched from the land of Sharjah, the Center for Scientific Radiation, Civilized Dialogue and Human Communication, which has taken science to a high place, and accordingly its pioneering cultural project, led by His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Sharjah.” Where he assumed the task of restoring the pioneering role of Islamic civilization with all its sciences.
He affirmed that the Islamic civilization, at its height and at the height of its giving to the world, made many immortal contributions and pioneering discoveries in all scientific fields. In the sciences of medicine and pharmacy, anatomy, surgery, astronomy, geography, chemistry, and mathematics, Muslim scientists were the first to invent the experimental method in their handling of scientific and cosmological data, which had a great impact in establishing the foundations of the experimental scientific method, which science is still following its approach.
And he said, “In these sciences, great figures and generous scholars emerged, who contributed to providing human civilization with many sciences and knowledge, and provided qualitative additions referred to as Lebanon, and their contributions were the focus of scientific development and progress that the West witnessed later, and among those scholars: Al-Hasan bin Al-Haytham, Ibn al-Nafis, al-Khwarizmi, Jabir ibn Hayyan, al-Tabib al-Zahrawi, al-Biruni, al-Kindi, al-Masudi, al-Bakri, al-Astakhari, al-Qazwini, al-Doctor Ibn Jazlah, Abbas ibn Firnas, and others. Muslims also excelled in industries, especially in the paper industry that they had the credit for spreading it on World level at the time. “
In her speech, His Excellency Manal Ataya, Director General of the Sharjah Museums Authority, affirmed that His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Sharjah continues the intellectual development process launched by Muslim scholars, presenting the field of knowledge to other fields within a massive national cultural project.
She said that the Sharjah Museums Authority believes in the importance and status of science and education, and their role in the development and prosperity of societies, and is keen to enhance the role of museums as educational destinations that provide information in rich ways and with more interesting museum display methods, noting that what the authority has achieved within a year is considered one of the most difficult years that it has witnessed. Societies, explaining that this calls for continued and concerted efforts towards future foresight, and focus on supporting science, research and studies, especially since the UAE has focused its focus over the past years on promoting the culture of innovation and creativity.
Dr. Hussein Muhammad Al-Mahdi, Chairman of the Conference Organizing Committee, pointed in his speech to the goals that the conference is working to achieve in its current session, complementing the path it started in its previous three sessions, including providing a clear and ambitious vision for the future of studies related to the history of science among Arabs and Muslims and consolidating the status of the Sharjah International Foundation for the history of Science for Arabs and Muslims as a destination to attract and attract scholars and those interested in the history of science among Arabs and Muslims from different countries of the world and direct the world’s attention to the importance of the institution’s role in spreading the culture of dialogue, tolerance and coexistence through the axes of the scientific heritage, which represents a common denominator for the history of all mankind and designing strategies to revitalize research groups Serving the history of science for Arabs and Muslims and working with our partners to accomplish major research projects that serve the goals of the institution and provide opportunities to attract researchers at the local, regional and global levels, with an emphasis on the importance of exchanging experiencesWith institutions that share their goals with the Foundation.
The opening session of the conference included speeches by the main speakers at the conference, namely Dr. Irwin Andreas Eckart, Professor of Physics at the University of Cologne, Germany, who provided an introductory overview of his scientific study entitled The Milky Way in Arab Culture between the Eighth and Fifteenth Centuries AD, and the role of the Islamic scholar Ibn al-Haytham in this field. It will be presented during the third main session of the conference.
Dr. Jan-Peter Hagin Dick, Professor of Mathematics at the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, presented many scientific tools that were used in the Middle Ages by Muslim scholars in determining directions, dimensions and times, and recent studies have proven their extreme accuracy, including tools for determining the qiblah and the distance between Mecca that Al-Biruni discovered. And the astrolabe, which illustrates the map of stars and galaxies and their coordinates, and Professor Anshari spoke to the Director of the University of Mindanao, Republic of the Philippines, about the role of Muslims in the local renaissance of the Philippines and their contributions in various scientific and cultural fields in it.