In light of the measures taken by the United Arab Emirates in order to preserve and sustain the environment, it is also keen to pay attention to the method of disposing of solid and hazardous waste away from city residents and in a place designated for that, which ensures their safety and the safety of the environment. Follow this article, which sheds light on how to dispose of hazardous waste and how to transport it.
We can define hazardous waste as all solid or liquid waste that is toxic, reactive, flammable and corrosive, and also infectious or radioactive, as waste is classified as hazardous depending on its biological, chemical and physical properties.
The term hazardous waste is always applied to everything that is toxic and harmful to human health, when it is exposed to it through inhalation, ingestion, or touch, and it is worth noting that toxic waste is a toxin, even if it is in very small or tiny quantities.
Hazardous waste disposal
The amount of hazardous waste is directly proportional to the population, and therefore it has recently been observed that the quantities of this waste have increased with the increase in the population in various cities of the Emirates, where it ends up in municipal garbage dumps or dumps, which leaves organic waste in large quantities of methane, which is one of the gases. Efficient greenhouse. It is worth noting that very little waste is currently burned, and the rate of municipal waste recycling is increasing rapidly.
Tadweer Center for Waste Management in Abu Dhabi has set certain principles that must be followed when disposing and transporting hazardous waste, as it is strictly forbidden to deal with hazardous waste in the emirate, except through environmental service providers registered with the Center of Waste Management, and all environmental service providers working In the emirate in the field of transporting special and hazardous waste, adherence to the technical steps and standards approved by the Center of Waste Management.
Dubai Municipality intends to establish the largest plant to convert solid waste to energy in Al Warsan 2, at a cost of about two billion dirhams. The project aims to make Dubai the most sustainable and smart city by 2021, in order to achieve the national agenda by reducing landfill by 75% by 2021, saving the amount of wasted land in the landfill, in addition to protecting the environment from methane gas emitted from landfills.
The Sharjah Environment Company “Bee’ah” was established in 2007, and it works in partnership with the Sharjah City Municipality to develop continuous programs and procedures for the preservation of the environment, its sustainability, and the safe disposal of medical waste. Free of waste by 2015.
It is worth noting that the company has launched a large number of unique services, including the “You Call We Recycle” service, which is designed to help Sharjah dispose of waste and large waste in a safe, responsible and environmentally sound manner. The Sharjah Environment Company “Bee’ah” center extends over a total area of about 3.75 square kilometers. It is the largest center in the Middle East and the third of its kind in the world.
After talking about hazardous waste in general, it is imperative to know the methods used to dispose of waste, as a lot of waste in all its forms is produced by humans on a weekly basis, and some of them must be disposed of immediately, as modern methods of disposal provide many different options for their removal. In addition to that, they are suitable solutions for humans and the environment alike, and the most important methods of waste disposal follow.
Incineration is the financially better method than the method of recycling, but its costs are higher than the method of burying waste, and it is worth noting that the incineration process reduces the volume of waste by up to 90% of the original amount, and incineration is the correct method when the proper disposal of medical waste and toxic chemicals.
Recycling is considered one of the most environmentally safe methods, because it does not leave behind any waste, but the downside is that the possibility of recycling is limited to only some elements, in addition to the high cost of operating and maintaining treatment plants, and one of the most recyclable elements is plastic , Paper, glass, aluminum, and in general we can say that this method is the most appropriate when trying to dispose of industrial waste.
The process of converting waste into compost is a natural process, as organic waste decomposes into a fertilizer rich in nutrients and ideal for plants, as composting preserves a greater number of nutrients compared to incineration, in addition to being the preferred method for disposing organic waste, its main disadvantage is the duration The time taken for organic matter to break down into compost.
Burying of waste
Waste is buried when the waste is not disposed of through the aforementioned methods, as landfills are usually located in areas that do not witness floods or a rise in the groundwater level, in order to prevent their mixing with water.