The economic importance of tourism in Egypt The tourism sector is extremely important for any country because of its positive impact on building and promoting the economy. Therefore, tourism in Egypt is one of the main sources of national income, and the Egyptian tourism sector is the largest tourism sector in which investment is made in the African continent, and tourism accounts for 40% of the service sector profit in Egypt, in addition to being one of the most important factors.
Development and prosperity of the state. This is due to its role in earning hard foreign currency and providing a large number of job opportunities for individuals in different cities, and the Egyptian Bedouin areas.
The number of jobs provided by the tourism sector is estimated at about 4.5 million jobs, in 70 different types of jobs, or 13% of the total workforce in the country; Such as jobs in tourism companies, hotels, and furnished apartments, tourist shops, tourist guidance, and indirect jobs in various sectors, such as the agricultural sector, food industries, and the construction sector, in addition to contributing to the opening of opportunities to sell handicrafts and heritage works.
The social and cultural importance
The societal effects of the tourism sector appear on the members of the Egyptian community in terms of the general character and some Egyptian customs and traditions, especially on workers in the field of tourism. This is thanks to the establishment of a sustainable tourism sector in Egypt, and the positive role of tourism at the societal level appears in several aspects, the most important of which is the spread of cooperation and the understanding of different societies of each other.
Which led to an increase in the spread of peace and global harmony This is through the tourists’ acquaintance with the Egyptian cultural heritage when visiting historical monuments, learning about the arts, and participating in local celebrations, in addition to expanding the perceptions of the Egyptian people in the field of various world affairs, raising the standard of living, and spreading knowledge and science through the mixing of peoples with each other.
The environmental importance
Tourism is an environmentally friendly activity; The fact that a healthy and clean environment is an essential part of tourism in general, and in Egypt in particular, especially in the field of natural ecotourism; Which aims to maintain the ecological balance, and to protect the environments of living organisms of all kinds from continuous and preventive pollution, by rationalizing the consumption of resources and rationalizing their extraction.
Ecotourism contributes to encouraging specialized economic development in the field of environmental protection and preserving biodiversity. It should be noted that the efficiency of the environmental management of the tourism sector plays a fundamental role in making tourism environmentally friendly, and Egypt plays an effective role in establishing appropriate means for developing eco-tourism.
It is considered part of the tourism activities on which governmental and non-governmental agencies and local communities are based in several Egyptian governorates. Such as the Red Sea Governorate and South Sinai, in which more than half of the Egyptian tourism development is concentrated, in addition to the northern coast and Western Sahara.